The cosmetic shops are flooded with serums, night creams, toners and moisturisers that promise glowing and healthy skin. However, there are only a handful of them that seem to work for you. If you feel that it is your genes or inability of your skin to cope with the chemicals, then you are mistaken.

These products work well if you are aware of your skin type. There are mainly five types – normal, dry, oily, combination and sensitive. You can find out your specific type by visiting a renowned skin clinic in Melbourne and consulting an experienced dermatologist.

It will help you to understand how to take care of your skin and use the right products that will make your skin shinier and youthful. Here are all the details about different types of skin and their daily care routine.

Determine Your Skin Type And Your Skincare Routine

Identifying your skin type can help you to create the best skin care regimen. So take a look.

1.Normal Skin

It is a blessing to have normal skin as it is neither too dry nor too oily. It has the perfect balance of sebum production and pH levels. It appears radiant and healthy and does not age prematurely. It does not have enlarged pores and is not prone to acne.

Skincare Routine

Since normal skin does not need special treatment and is ideal for all cosmetics, you don’t have to be utterly conscious about keeping it healthy. However, you cannot be careless either. Thus make sure that you follow these tips.

  • Drink lots of water to stay hydrated at all times and avoid drying up of your skin.
  • You must protect yourself with a sunscreen of SPF 30 or above while venturing out in the sun because the harmful radiations can lead to wrinkles and age spots.
  • You must cleanse your face daily before sleeping and apply a moisturiser in the morning after cleaning to keep it soft and supple.
  • Also, do not forget to remove all the layers of makeup before sleeping to keep the pores clean and unclogged.

2.Dry Skin

If you witness flakiness and dryness on your face on most days, then you have dry skin. It appears dull and tight with fine lines around the mouth, eyes and on the forehead. Dry skin can be a result of living in extremely cold conditions or prolonged direct exposure to sunlight. Hot baths for long hours and indoor heating can also lead to flaking of the skin. Also, your skin can become drier as you age as the sebum production levels go down.

Skincare Routine

Dry skin is devoid of oils and appears rough and dehydrated. It needs special care to make it appear soft and shiny. Here is what you need to do.

  • Do not use extremely hot water to wash your face and keep the baths short. Also, you should not rub your face with the towel. Instead, pat dry after cleansing to avoid flakiness.
  • Drinking optimum water is essential to maintain a healthy lifestyle and glowing skin.
  • You can also use a humidifier to avoid changes in your skin due to the outside weather conditions.
  • Do not use harsh exfoliating face washes as they strip off the necessary oils.
  • Moisturise your face religiously after cleansing and utilise creams more than lotions.
  • Sunscreen is a must for all skin types as the UV radiations can affect your skin. It must be applied 15 minutes before going out in the sun.

3.Oily Skin

Oily skin is quite common and is easily identified through enlarged pores and a greasy face. It is susceptible to breakouts and blackheads as the large pores produce more sebum. Hot and humid climate can also make your skin oily.

Skincare Routine

If you witness grease and dirt on your face frequently, then you need to follow the tips mentioned here.

  • Wash your face twice a day in the morning and before bedtime using an oil-free face wash. However, do not wash your face again and again as it can remove the required oils from the face.
  • Drink lots of water throughout the day to make your skin appear healthier and reduce oil production.
  • Use a lightweight moisturiser in the morning to keep the skin soft and use an oil-free sunscreen to avoid greasiness.
  • Use products that contain salicylic acid or glycolic acid.

4.Combination Skin

Combination skin is a blend of both dry and oily skin. You can have certain areas on your face that are oily, and the rest of the face stays dry or normal. Usually, the T-zone comprising the forehead, nose and chin is oily. It is also prone to blackheads and enlarged pores. It causes greasiness on the nose and forehead and dryness on the cheeks.

Skincare Routine

A change in the weather conditions or the use of chemical-based products can lead to combination skin. Here is how you can take care of it.

  • Clean your face gently and make sure that the T-zone is cleaned effectively to avoid the occurrence of acne and blackheads.
  • You can exfoliate once in two weeks to keep the forehead, nose and chin clean and smooth. However, do not scrub vigorously as it can cause dryness.
  • Combination skin can get easily affected by UV radiations. Thus you must wear oil-free sunscreen every day.
  • Use normal creams for the cheeks and an oil-free moisturiser for the T-zone.

5.Sensitive Skin

If your skin starts flushing at the drop of a hat and reacts adversely to cosmetics, warm temperature and spicy food, then you have sensitive skin. You may have to deal with stinging or inflammation often.

It is usually oily in summers and dry in winters. Skin allergies are different from sensitive skin, so don’t get confused between the two. An allergy is the reaction of the skin to a specific item or product.

Skincare Routine

If you have sensitive skin, then do not straight away use any cosmetic product on your body. You must first do a patch test on your hand and check for results after 24 hours. If all is well, then go ahead with the usage of the product.

  • Use mild and chemical-free products and do not have a range of cosmetics at your disposal. Use minimal items that do not affect your skin.
  • You should use an oil-based or milk-based gentle cleanser and a mild moisturiser and sunscreen. Make sure that these products do not have alcohol, perfume, or glycolic acid.


If you have been wondering why certain products are not working for you, but are working fine for your friends, then you need to visit a skin clinic in Melbourne to understand your skin type. The tips mentioned above will help you to identify your skin type and care for it to look your best every day.

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